POLYBIUS OF MEGALOPOLIS° (c. 210–128 B.C.E.), the most notable of the Hellenistic historians. Polybius did not devote much space to the Jews or Judaism in his universal history. His detailed description of the fourth Syrian war (book 5) makes no mention of Jerusalem or Judea, although it gives a comparatively lengthy account of the conquest of Palestine. He does, however, discuss the Jews in the context of the fifth Syrian war, as attested in the fragment from book 16 of his history, preserved in Josephus (Ant., 12:3, 135–6). Here Polybius records among other achievements of Antiochus III that those Jews who lived near the Temple of Jerusalem allied themselves with him. From another passage (Jos., Apion, 2:53–54) it can be seen that a section of Polybius' work, now lost, also gave antiochus Epiphanes' impecunious state as his motive for plundering the Temple.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Polybius — (ca. 203 ndash;120 BC, Greek Polytonic|Πολύβιος) was a Greek historian of the Hellenistic Period noted for his book called The Histories covering in detail the period of 220 ndash;146 BC. He is also renowned for his ideas of political balance in… …   Wikipedia

  • Polybius — Polybĭus, griech. Geschichtschreiber, geb. um 210 v.Chr. zu Megalopolis in Arkadien, kam 167 als Geisel nach Rom, gest. um 127 in Arkadien. Von seiner Universalgeschichte von 220 146 v.Chr. in 40 Büchern sind nur 5 vollständig, vom 6. der erste… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Megalopolis — Megalopolis, Centralstadt der Arkadier, 371 v. Chr. erbaut, zählte 15000 waffenfähige Bürger, gelangte aber doch nicht zu einem verhältnißmäßigen Einflusse, weil Griechenland schon im Verfalle war. Geburtsort Philopömens u. des… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Polybius — Polybius, griech. Geschichtschreiber, geb. 203 v. Chr. zu Megalopolis in Arkadien, Staatsmann und Feldherr des achäischen Bundes, wurde nach der Besiegung des Perseus als Geisel nach Rom abgeführt, Freund des jüngern Scipio, begleitete diesen auf …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Polybius — /peuh lib ee euhs/, n. c205 c123 B.C., Greek historian. * * * born с 200, Megalopolis, Arcadia, Greece died с 118 BC Greek statesman and historian. Son of an Achaean statesman, Polybius was one of 1,000 eminent Achaeans deported to Rome in 168 BC …   Universalium

  • Megalopolis, Greece — Megalopoli Μεγαλόπολη Location …   Wikipedia

  • megalopolis — /meg euh lop euh lis/, n. 1. a very large city. 2. an urban region, esp. one consisting of several large cities and suburbs that adjoin each other. Also, megapolis. [1825 35; MEGALO + POLIS] * * * Ancient city, central Peloponnese, Greece.… …   Universalium

  • MEGALOPOLIS — I. MEGALOPOLIS i. e., civitas magna, German. Mechelburg. urbs Germaniae, nomen dans Megapolensi Ducatui: prope mare Balticum. Fuit quidem Vandalorum et Herulorum temporibus, totius Europae maxima civitas, et non solum regionis Megapolensis… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • POLYBIUS —    a Greek historian, born at Megalopolis, in Arcadia; sent to Rome as a hostage, he formed an intimate friendship with Scipio Æmilianus, who aided him in his historical researches, and whom he accompanied to Africa on the expedition which issued …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Viriathus — (known as Viriato in Portuguese and Spanish) (? 139 BC) was the most important leader of the Lusitanian people that resisted Roman expansion into the regions of Western Iberia (as the Romans would call it), where the Roman province of Lusitania… …   Wikipedia

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